EXPLORING THE MICRO AND MACRO TERROIR OF FETEASCĂ NEAGRĂ WINE FROM MOLDOVA

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.52326/jes.utm.2024.31(1).08

Keywords:

Fetească Neagră, terroir, Geographical Indications, indigenous varieties, microbial analysis, climate data, sensory evaluation

Abstract

This study delves into the intricate realm of Moldovan winemaking, focusing on the iconic Fetească Neagră grape variety. The research highlights the importance of indigenous grape varieties in shaping a unique wine identity for the region. Drawing on the concept of terroir, the study investigates the microbial terroir specific to three designated geographical regions in Moldova during the 2022 vintage. The research employs a multifaceted approach, combining climate data analysis, mini vinification experiments, microbial DNA extraction, and sensory evaluation techniques. Results reveal significant variations in climatic conditions and microbial diversity across the three regions, influencing the sensory characteristics of the resulting wines. On vintage 2022 the Codru is temperature, and the Stefan-Voda and Vadul lui Traian are warm climates. All the 3 regions are moderately dry. The Stefan Voda is 14.0%, and manifests the highest ethanol content among the regions, alongside the lowest pH level. The sensory evaluations show Stefan Voda evincing heightened creaminess, Codru showcasing prominent herbal nuances, and Vadul lui Traian displaying elevated scores in berry, cherry, violet, and black pepper descriptors. Through meticulous analysis, the study underscores the dynamic interplay between environmental factors, microbial communities, and wine attributes, shedding light on the complex tapestry of Moldovan winemaking. Ultimately, this research contributes to a deeper understanding of terroir-driven wine production and emphasizes the importance of preserving indigenous grape varieties to uphold the distinctiveness of Moldovan wines on the global stage.

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Published

2024-03-31

How to Cite

Wang, F., Yao, M., & Arpentin, G. (2024). EXPLORING THE MICRO AND MACRO TERROIR OF FETEASCĂ NEAGRĂ WINE FROM MOLDOVA. JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCE, 31(1), 97–111. https://doi.org/10.52326/jes.utm.2024.31(1).08

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