JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss <p><strong>ISSN 2587-3490 / E-ISSN 2587-3504</strong></p> <p>JSS is an international journal looking for innovation and creativity in the fields of humanities and social sciences.</p> Technical University of Moldova en-US JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2587-3490 PECULIARITIES OF THE VALUE OF BUILT HERITAGE IN CHISINAU http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss/article/view/2024-7-1-02 <p>Valuation of privately owned real estate included in the Register of State Protected Monuments is a serious challenge for practicing values in the Republic of Moldova. The present research highlights methodological and conceptual peculiarities concerning the value and valuation of functional buildings, which cannot be modernized in accordance with the requirements and preferences of modern society. The objectives of the research include: identification of structural changes in the value of built heritage over time; identification of problems and recommendations on how to value a specific category of real estate. The authors find a negative economic value of the analyzed category of real estate, but a positive real value (especially market value). The peculiarities of the value of the land and the value of the building recognized as a national monument are highlighted. The influence of the value of the land on the value of the real estate and the structure of the value of the monument of local importance are illustrated.</p> Svetlana Albu Ion Albu Copyright (c) 2024 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 7 1 6 16 10.52326/jss.utm.2024.7(1).01 A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF HEMP (CANNABIS SATIVA L.) USE: SCIENTIFIC, LEGISLATIVE AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC ASPECTS http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss/article/view/2024-7-1-01 <p><em>Cannabis sativa L.</em> culture has encountered various legislative challenges throughout history, and these have varied according to the social, political and economic context of each period. Historical stigma and prohibitions brought restrictions on cannabis, and anti-drug and prohibition policies adopted in the 20th century led to the prohibition of the cultivation of Cannabis sativa L. Its incorrect association with drugs of abuse and its classification as a narcotic substance complicated the legislation. Problems in differentiating between recreational and medical use have created confusion in law. Global inconsistency in cannabis rules and regulations has created difficulties in international trade and research cooperation. The recent evolution of legislation, marked by ambiguities and inconsistencies regarding the medical, industrial, and food use of cannabis, has raised questions and challenges. Production and marketing issues, such as strict regulations and licensing hurdles affect the cannabis industry in the Republic of Moldova too. These challenges are constantly changing, reflecting the diversity of perspectives and societal developments.</p> Catalina Negoita Copyright (c) 2024 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 7 1 17 34 10.52326/jss.utm.2024.7(1).02 EFFECTS OF INTEREST RATE STRUCTURE AND ENERGY PRICES ON MANUFACTURING OUTPUT IN NIGERIA http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss/article/view/2024-7-1-03 <p>Until recent years, the performance of the Nigeria’s manufacturing sector has been characterized by downward pressures. Given the present shocks in the global energy markets and upward review of borrowing costs by the Central Bank of Nigeria, the historical developments around the manufacturing output appear to be subject to renewal. Consequently, this study investigates the impact of interest rate structure and energy pricing on the Nigerian manufacturing output from 1980 to 2021. Secondary data obtained from World Development Indicators and the CBN’s Statistical Bulletins were anchored by an autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model and error correction modelling. The findings revealed that manufacturing output is inelastic in its response to changes in interest rate while it is elastic in its response to energy price. This is less puzzling as the Nigerian manufacturers seem to favour availability of credit facilities over low interest rates. Also, productive activities respond immediately to a given shock in the energy price, especially the price of diesel. On this basis, this paper concludes that energy pricing is a strong predictor of Nigeria’s manufacturing output. Consequently, policy makers should institute a preferential treatment on energy distribution towards the manufacturers. This would make production more attractive, thereby boosting their capacity utilization.</p> Rasheed Oyaromade Abiodun Samuel Isayomi Sulaiman Ibrahim-Ayede Copyright (c) 2024 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 7 1 35 47 10.52326/jss.utm.2024.7(1).03 SUPPORT FOR YOUNG ENTREPRENEURS AS A PRIORITY FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss/article/view/2024-7-1-04 <p>The development of entrepreneurial interest among young people represents an important alternative in terms of using the potential of young people. Youth unemployment represents a significant loss of human capital that could contribute to economic growth. The last challenges that young people faced (mass emigration abroad, general demographic decline, the COVID-19 pandemic), shows that it is absolutely necessary to support young people in starting their own businesses. Analysing the experience of the European Union in supporting young entrepreneurs, we found that the inclusion of young people in economic activity is characterized by certain specific difficulties. Based on the obtained results, we can conclude that most of the analysed countries aim to develop entrepreneurial skills among young people through various mentoring and coaching programs, the dissemination of good practices and the sharing of experience. For the Republic of Moldova, the experience of the analysed countries demonstrates that the main support for young people to be interested in entrepreneurship, as a way of self-employment, is the promotion of public policies that must clearly indicate the need to develop and promote entrepreneurial education and culture, including the development entrepreneurial skills and an entrepreneurial mindset at all levels of education.</p> Andrei Popa Natalia Deliu Copyright (c) 2024 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 7 1 48 63 10.52326/jss.utm.2024.7(1).04 E-COMMERCE INNOVATION IN EMERGING FASHION MARKETS: A CASE STUDY OF MOLDOVAN DESIGNERS' DIGITAL EXPANSION AND ROLE OF SUPPORT PROGRAMS http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss/article/view/2024-7-1-05 <p>This paper explores the transformative role of e-commerce in the emerging Moldovan fashion market, focusing on the digital expansion of local designers. It examines the industry's shift from traditional manufacturing to innovative online sales channels, highlighting the challenges and opportunities this transition presents, including the need for new skills, legal framework adaptability, and investment. The study also discusses the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, which accelerated the adoption of e-commerce among Moldovan fashion firms. With the support of programs like the Fashion Omnichannel Mentorship Program, these firms are enhancing their digital presence and competitiveness. The paper emphasizes the importance of mentorship and tailored support in enabling Moldovan brands to thrive in the digital marketplace, contributing to their growth and success in the global fashion industry.</p> Doina Nistor Copyright (c) 2024 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 7 1 64 79 10.52326/jss.utm.2024.7(1).05 JEWELRY DESIGN: A PERSPECTIVE ON SOCIAL AND AESTHETIC CHANGES IN THE USSR AND EASTERN EUROPE IN THE 20-21st CENTURY http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss/article/view/2024-7-1-06 <p>The study explores the significant impact of adornments in shaping clothing identity, highlighting contemporary jewelry as a distinct manifestation of individual taste in an ever-changing society. Analyzing social changes in the USSR, Ukraine, Bessarabia and Eastern Europe, as well as the disintegration of the USSR, the research reveals the interaction between communist aesthetics and traditionalism, generating innovations in jewelry design. Technological evolution has brought significant changes and the study emphasizes the importance of researching preferences and analyzing contemporary trends in understanding current design directions in jewelry today. The findings reveal that jewelry from the USSR and Europe in the 20th-21st century reflects temporal changes and cultural diversity, marking a continuing transformation and diversity in the artistic expression of contemporary jewelry.</p> Inga Mațcan-Lîsenco Copyright (c) 2024 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 7 1 80 90 10.52326/jss.utm.2024.7(1).06 NEW TECHNOLOGIES AND FOREIGN LANGUAGE LEARNING: TRANSFORMING LANGUAGE EDUCATION http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss/article/view/2024-7-1-07 <p>This article explores the transformative impact of new technologies on foreign language learning and its implications for language education. With the rise of globalization, proficiency in multiple languages has become increasingly valuable. The advent of online language learning platforms, virtual reality and augmented reality technologies, mobile applications, and language exchange communities has revolutionized language education. These technologies offer learners convenient access to resources, personalized instruction, immersive experiences, and opportunities for real-world practice. However, challenges such as the digital divide and the need for human interaction in language learning must be addressed. Looking to the future, the integration of artificial intelligence and machine learning holds great potential for further advancements in language education, fostering a world where language barriers are effortlessly overcome.</p> Ala Șișianu Ala Pușcașu Copyright (c) 2024 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 7 1 91 99 10.52326/jss.utm.2024.7(1).07 ASSESSING NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT’S EFFORTS IN SAFEGUARDING CITIZENS, UTILITIES, AND INFRASTRUCTURE FROM TERRORIST ATTACKS http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss/article/view/2024-7-1-08 <p>Vulnerable places are usually the targets of terrorist attacks everywhere in the world. The scenario is quite the same in Nigeria. Boko Haram and other terrorist groups in Nigeria have attacked ordinary citizens and infrastructure like schools and hospitals. Especially crowded places are the main targets of the terrorists. To mitigate this security challenge, the Nigerian government factored in the protection of soft targets in its National Counter-Terrorism Strategy (NACTEST). The second pillar of NACTEST, known as “to secure,” is in charge of this assignment. The NACTEST document was launched in 2014 by President Jonathan as a standing policy to combat terrorism in Nigeria. It is expected that this strategy needs to be evaluated since it has been in operation for more than half a decade. The focus of this paper is to examine the extent to which the Nigerian government has successively protected soft targets from terrorism attacks. The paper makes use of both primary and secondary data as sources of data gathering and content analysis for data analysis. The research makes use of the NACTEST document and bases its evaluation on the specified objectives of the NACTEST second pillar, “to secure." It also adopts asymmetric theory as its theoretical framework. The paper discovered that the Nigerian government has, to a large extent, successively protected the vulnerable, like civilian citizens, utilities, and infrastructure. However, sporadic attacks by terrorists are equally a challenge that the government needs to handle seriously. The paper recommended, among others, that the government should provide needed resources, both human and material, for security and better performance.</p> Usamotu Basheer Olalere Agara Tunde Copyright (c) 2024 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 7 1 100 113 10.52326/jss.utm.2024.7(1).08 THE INFLUENCE OF CULTURAL HERITAGE IN THE FORMATION OF SOCIOCULTURAL VALUES http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss/article/view/2024-7-1-09 <p>The work presents an analysis of cultural concepts, heritage and values, their significance is also mentioned in the process of training young people in university institutions. The paper mentions the functions and aspects that emphasize the role of sociocultural values in the development of the personality of young people. Culture has a great influence on how we are aware of the community we are part of and the value system formed during development. Sociocultural values through cultural and social affiliation, reflect references such as the history and qualities of artistic heritage or association with remarkable personalities. Within the university education process, the emphasis is on contributing to their knowledge, protection and promotion. Therefore, the university education process has a considerable impact on the valorization of cultural heritage and the formation of sociocultural values of young people, which will serve as a means of adaptation and integration in the current period.</p> Victoria Danila Copyright (c) 2024 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 7 1 114 122 10.52326/jss.utm.2024.7(1).09 PHYSICAL SELF-ESTEEM OF ALBINOS IN KINSHASA AND ITS EXPLANATORY FACTORS http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss/article/view/2024-7-1-10 <p>The aim of this research was to assess the physical self-esteem of albinos in the Democratic Republic of Congo (more specifically, those living in the city-province of Kinshasa), and to identify the most explanatory factors. With this in mind, a physical self-esteem inventory was applied to 70 albinos living in Kinshasa, members of the Mwimba Texas Association. Following the administration of this inventory, it was found that the albinos surveyed had positive physical self-esteem. This positive self-esteem manifested itself in a positive perception of: (1) overall self, (2) physical value, (3) physical appearance and (4) strength. The study of explanatory determinants made it possible to target two factors that influenced all the dimensions of the self-esteem of the subjects surveyed (support of entourage and perception of albinos by entourage).</p> Jonathan Enguta Mwenzi Eustache Banza Nsomwe-A-Nfunkwa Reagan Ngonzo Kitumba Copyright (c) 2024 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 7 1 123 132 10.52326/jss.utm.2024.7(1).10 SOCIAL SUPPORT EXPERIENCES AMONG YEMENI REFUGEE WOMEN IN ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA: A DESCRIPTIVE PHENOMENOLOGICAL STUDY http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss/article/view/2024-7-1-11 <p>Social support from informal support sources plays a pivotal role in smoothing the adaptation process of refugees in their host countries. This study's main objective was to examine the social support experiences of Yemeni refugee women in Addis Ababa. The study employed a qualitative, descriptive phenomenological design. Thirteen Yemeni refugee women were interviewed using a semi-structured interview guide. Using purposive sampling, study participants were selected. The study's findings indicated that refugee women received various types of social support from family, friends, and independent sponsors, including instrumental support, emotional support, and informational support. For refugee women, strengthening their existing informal social networks is crucial since these networks provide them with informational, emotional, and instrumental support.</p> Samuel Amare Copyright (c) 2024 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 7 1 133 144 10.52326/jss.utm.2024.7(1).11 MALARIA, POVERTY AND CHILD HEALTH IN NIGERIA: ANY NEXUS? http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss/article/view/2024-7-1-12 <p>Infant mortality rates remain high in many African countries, despite global lowering trends. These high rates are alarming, therefore, this study attempt to examine the effect of malaria and poverty on infant mortality a proxy for child health in Nigeria using a data for the period 1990-2021. Auto-regressive distributed lag model (ARDL) was used as the estimation technique. The study's findings showed that both in the short and long run, poverty rate has a negative non-significant effect on infant mortality while malaria has a positive and significant effect on infant mortality. Government expenditure on health both in the short run and long run is positive and nonsignificant on child health. The current values of primary school enrolment (PSE) and number of physician (NOP) have a negative (-0.014 and -0.0002) non-significant effect on infant mortality in the short, and also negative (-0.501 and -1.654) but significant in the long run. The study recommends that policies that will improve child health and promote poverty reduction should be put in place and well implemented in Nigeria. Also, the government should take measures that will eradicate malaria in Nigeria.</p> Temitope Akintunde Adekunle Aribatise Bosede Akanbi Copyright (c) 2024 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 7 1 145 157 10.52326/jss.utm.2024.7(1).12 THE USE OF PHILOSOPHY IN ETHIOPIA: CULTIVATING IDENTITY FORMATION AND EMANCIPATORY IMPULSE http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss/article/view/2024-7-1-13 <p>Through a discussion of the historical trajectory within which modern philosophy in Ethiopia developed, the article situates the discussions of the spirit of cultural coexistence, the reflections on modernity, the process of state building, religion and modernity and the validity of indigenous traditions as the objects of analysis upon which social philosophizing in Ethiopia could take place within. Through such a discussion, it will be shown that the social function of philosophy in Ethiopia needs to be situated in the two-fold task of identity formation and the emergence of an emancipatory impulse. Concrete strategies for realizing such a function in terms of the development of curriculums, the cultivation of an interdisciplinary engagement between philosophy and other disciplines, community engagement, knowledge dissemination and the need to engage in an ethical and political reflection are identified.</p> Fasil Merawi Copyright (c) 2024 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 7 1 158 170 10.52326/jss.utm.2024.7(1).13 ANALYSIS OF THE EXPERIENCE OF SOME EU MEMBER STATES OR IN THE PROGRESS OF ACCESSION TO THE EU – ANTICIPATED CHALLENGES AND STRATEGIES FOR THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss/article/view/2024-7-1-14 <p>The process of joining the European Union (EU) represents a complex and significant undertaking for the candidate countries, and the experience of this process can be influenced by a variety of socioeconomic, political and institutional factors. In the context of the Republic of Moldova, which has shown an increased interest in joining the EU, there is an opportunity to learn from the experience of other EU member states that have gone through the accession process in the past. These countries, which have already become EU members, or are candidate states, “have navigated” through similar stages of negotiation, implementation of reforms and adjustment to the standards and requirements of the European community. Their experiences provide a valuable source of information and perspectives for the Republic of Moldova in its own accession process. By analyzing the research and the problems encountered in the EU accession process in other member states, this article aims to identify learned lessons, anticipated challenges and the effective strategies that could be applied in the specific context of the Republic of Moldova.</p> Viorica Ursu Daniel Ursu Maria Slobozianu Copyright (c) 2024 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 7 1 171 187 10.52326/jss.utm.2024.7(1).14 REVIEW OF THE MONOGRAPH "PROCESSING DAIRY PRODUCTS PRINCIPLES RELATED TO THE OBJECTIVES OF BALANCED NUTRITION" http://press.utm.md/index.php/jss/article/view/2024-7-1-15 <p>The monograph "Processing dairy products principles related to the objectives of balanced nutrition" was carried out within the postdoctoral Project 20.00208.1908.03 "Processing dairy products principles related to the objectives of balanced nutrition and food safety". The monograph is intended for specialists in the field of the food industry, master's and doctoral students of the Faculty of Food Technology. The work represents a broad synthesis regarding the utilization of sources rich in phytonutrients in order to develop innovative dairy products. The paper also addressed the issue of lactose intolerance and the development of low-lactose/lactose-free dairy products with improved sensory and rheological properties.</p> Elvira Vrabie Aliona Ghendov-Mosanu Copyright (c) 2024 JOURNAL OF SOCIAL SCIENCES 2024-04-13 2024-04-13 7 1 188 190 10.52326/jss.utm.2024.7(1).15